Over the years spilled wine had seeped into the wood of the ship making it a very smelly vessel by passenger accounts. The Mayflower was a total of 90 feet long. On board were Pilgrims and 30 sailors.
Conditions were not pleasant, and the sailors routinely mocked their fellow passengers for their on board religious habits as well as their frequent sea sickness. On November 9, , after 66 days at sea, land is finally spotted. Rather than Virginia, the original plan, they arrive at the tip of Cape Cod in present day Massachusetts.
The Pilgrims would have pressed on towards the mouth of the Hudson River if they would have been able to. They had landed in the New World much later in the year than they had originally planned.
Poor winds during this time of year and a lack of supplies force them to make land. After enough time at sea, the stored fresh water had become contaminated.
So the only drinkable liquid on board was the beer. In these days beer was much more safe to drink than water, as it had been boiled when it was made. The alcohol content was also much lower than common beer is today. So using it as a water source for passengers would not be unheard of during this time. Still, even stores of beer on the Mayflower were running low as they approached the continent.
As written by colonist William Bradford on the implications this had on the decision to settle:. They Mayflower lands and all are greatly overjoyed to have reached an end to their long and difficult journey. Upon landing, the Pilgrims immediately say a prayer of thanks for their safe arrival:. The Pilgrims needed a document that would serve as a contract of cooperation among their new colony. Although the core of the group were religious separatists, there were other colonists who were not.
Some wanted to go against the agreement that was made with the investors in England since they did not settle in the location originally agreed upon. To deal with this, a contract was drawn up and signed by 41 of the passengers. Travel With Us. At the Smithsonian Visit.
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Echo Awards. Archived from the original on 5 December Grammy Awards. National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 22 March RPM Magazine. In the fall of , the Pilgrims famously shared a harvest feast with the Pokanokets; the meal is now considered the basis for the first Thanksgiving holiday.
The first Thanksgiving likely did not include turkey or mashed potatoes potatoes were just making their way from South America to Europe , but the Wampanoag brought deer and there would have been lots of local seafood plus the fruits of the first pilgrim harvest, including pumpkin. Over the next decades, relations between settlers and Native Americans deteriorated as the former group occupied more and more land. By the time William Bradford died in , he had already expressed anxiety that New England would soon be torn apart by violence.
Philip was the English name of Metacomet, the son of Massasoit and leader of the Pokanokets since the early s. That conflict left some 5, inhabitants of New England dead, three quarters of those Native Americans. Three more ships traveled to Plymouth after the Mayflower, including the Fortune , the Anne and the Little James both Winthrop soon established Boston as the capital of Massachusetts Bay Colony, which would become the most populous and prosperous colony in the region.
Compared with later groups who founded colonies in New England, such as the Puritans, the Pilgrims of Plymouth failed to achieve lasting economic success. After the early s, some prominent members of the original group, including Brewster, Winslow and Standish, left the colony to found their own communities. Less than a decade after the war King James II appointed a colonial governor to rule over New England, and in , Plymouth was absorbed into the larger entity of Massachusetts.
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