On the seventh day they were to march around the city seven times and the priests were to blow their ram's horns. And Joshua ordered the people to shout. The walls of the city collapsed, and the Israelites were able to charge straight into the city. The city was completely destroyed , and every man, woman, child and animal in it was killed by Joshua's army as an offering to God.
Only Rahab and her family were spared, because she had hidden the two spies sent by Joshua. After this, Joshua burned the remains of the city and cursed any man who would rebuild the city of Jericho would do so at the cost of his firstborn son. It is generally accepted that the biblical date for the fall of the walls is the 28th of Nisan , according to the Hebrew calendar.
The first scientific investigation of the site of Jericho was carried out by Charles Warren in , but amounted to no more than a site-survey Warren's prime interest was in establishing the modern equivalents of Biblical locales. In and again in digging was carried out by two German archaeologists, Carl Watzinger and Ernest Sellin. Watzinger and Sellin believed that they would be able to validate the Biblical story of Jericho's destruction by Joshua and the Israelites, but concluded instead that the city was unoccupied at the generally-accepted time of Joshua, ca.
These results were tested in by John Garstang , at the suggestion of William F. Albright , the doyen of Palestinian archaeology at the time.
Garstang discovered the remains of a network of collapsed walls which he dated to about BC, the time he believed the Israelites were on their conquest, that had apparently fallen in a dramatic fashion as opposed to being ruined by abandonment or decay from natural forces.
Garstang's work thus reversed the conclusions of the earlier diggings. By the post-war period a revolution had occurred in archaeological methodology, and Albright accordingly asked Kathleen Kenyon , one of the most respected practitioners of the new archaeology, to excavate at Jericho once more.
Kenyon dug over and traced the entire history of the city from the earliest Neolithic settlement. The lyrics allude to the biblical story of the Battle of Jericho , in which Joshua led the Israelites against Canaan Joshua The song is believed to have been composed by slaves in the first half of the 19th century.
Some references suggest that it was copyrighted by Jay Roberts in The Online 78 Discography entry for this record credits Jay Roberts as the author. In , Marshall Bartholomew created his arrangement of the song. Composer and conductor Morton Gould used the song as the basis for his composition for concert band, Jericho Rhapsody.
Ralph Flanagan adapted it under the title "Joshua". Bing Crosby included the song in a medley on his album Gang Songs Sister Thea Bowman learned the song from her elders and recorded it in on the stereocassette Songs of My People.
In it was re-released for the 30th anniversary of her death as part of the digital album Songs of My People: The Complete Collection.
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