Label: Apple Records - 1 C 192-04 173/74 • Format: 2x, Vinyl LP, Album, Numbered, Reissue, Stereo Gatefold • Country: Germany • Genre: Rock • Style: Rock & Roll, Pop Rock, Psychedelic Rock, Experimental
On this day McCartney first recorded a guide vocal and piano part in a single take, onto which drums were overdubbed during the middle section. From pm seven session musicians recorded parts for Honey Pie at Trident. Leon Calvert also added a flugelhorn part after the main overdub had been completed. George Harrison was also in the studio, playing electric guitar, although it is unclear whether he appears on the final recording. From midnight until the session ended at 4.
Martha My Dear was completed the following day, with the addition of electric and bass guitar. During this session, McCartney also put the finishing touches to Honey Pie.
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The video game instructions and box are included. The teeth of disk holder are undamaged. Minimal wear on the exterior of item. Pollack, Alan W. Notes on Series No. Retrieved 10 July The Beatles White Album. Rubber Soul Revolver Sgt. Authority control MBW work: ceb-a53adab2c8. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. It has since been viewed by some critics as a postmodern work, as well as among the greatest albums of all time.
Most of the songs on the album were written during March and April at a Transcendental Meditation course in Rishikesh , India. There, the only western instrument available to the band was the acoustic guitar; several of these songs remained acoustic on The Beatles and were recorded solo, or only by part of the group.
The production aesthetic ensured that the album's sound was scaled-down and less reliant on studio innovation than their previous releases including 's Revolver and Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band in The Beatles also broke with the band's tradition at the time of incorporating several musical styles in one song by keeping each piece of music consistently faithful to a select genre.
During these sessions, arguments broke out among the foursome over creative differences and John Lennon 's new partner, Yoko Ono , whose constant presence subverted the Beatles' policy of excluding wives and girlfriends from the studio.
After a series of various problems, including producer George Martin taking an unannounced vacation and engineer Geoff Emerick suddenly quitting during a session, Ringo Starr left the band for two weeks in August. The same tensions continued throughout the following year and led to the band's break-up.
The Beatles received favourable reviews from most music critics; detractors found its satirical songs unimportant and apolitical amid the turbulent political and social climate of It topped record charts in Britain and the United States.
No singles were issued in either territory, but " Hey Jude " and " Revolution " originated from the same recording sessions and were issued on a single in August By , the Beatles had achieved commercial and critical success. The group's mid release, Sgt.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band , was number one in the UK for 27 weeks, until the start of February ,  having sold , copies in the first week after release. Pepper constituted a "historic departure in the progress of music — any music",  while the American writer Timothy Leary wrote that the band were "the wisest, holiest, most effective avatars Divine Incarnate, God Agents that the human race has ever produced". The Beatles left Rishikesh before the end of the course.
Ringo Starr was the first to leave, less than two weeks later, as he said he could not tolerate the food;  McCartney departed in mid-March,  while Harrison and Lennon were more interested in Indian religion and remained until April. Collectively, the group wrote around 40 new compositions in Rishikesh, 26 of which would be recorded in rough form at Kinfauns , Harrison's home in Esher , in May Lennon wrote the bulk of the new material, contributing 14 songs.
Some home demos and group sessions at Kinfauns were later released on the compilation Anthology 3. The group block-booked time at Abbey Road through July. Instead of tightly rehearsing a backing track, as in previous sessions, the group recorded all the rehearsals and jamming, then added overdubs to the best take. Only 16 of the album's 30 tracks feature all four band members performing.
During the sessions, the band upgraded from 4-track recording to 8-track. As work began, Abbey Road Studios possessed, but had yet to install, an 8-track machine that had supposedly been sitting unused for several months. This was in accordance with EMI's policy of testing and customising new gear extensively before putting it into use. The band held their first and only hour session at Abbey Road during the final mixing and sequencing for the album. Unlike most LPs, there was no customary three-second gap between tracks, and the master was edited so that songs segued together, via a straight edit, a crossfade, or an incidental piece of music.
The Beatles contains a wide range of musical styles, which authors Barry Miles and Gillian Gaar view as the most diverse of any of the group's albums. The author Nicholas Schaffner views the acoustic slant as reflective of a widespread departure from the LSD-inspired psychedelia of , an approach initiated by Bob Dylan and the Beach Boys and adopted in by artists such as the Rolling Stones and the Byrds.
Whereas on prior Beatles albums, the band was getting into the habit of mixing several musical genres into a single song, on The White Album every song is faithful to its selected genre. The rock n' roll tracks are purely rock n' roll; the folk songs are purely folk; the surreal pop numbers are purely surreal pop; and the experimental piece is purely experimental.
Martin said he was against the idea of a double album at the time and suggested that the group reduce the number of songs to form a single album featuring their stronger work; the band refused. Starr felt that the album should have been two separate records, which he jokingly called "The White Album" and "The Whiter Album".
McCartney said that the record was fine as it was: "It was great. It sold. It's the bloody Beatles' White Album. Shut up! During the recording sessions for The Beatles , each member of the band began to increasingly assert themselves as individual artists who frequently found themselves at odds.
McCartney described the sessions as a turning point for the group because "there was a lot of friction during that album. We were just about to break up, and that was tense in itself";  Lennon said, "the break-up of the Beatles can be heard on that album". The Beatles sessions marked the first appearance in the studio of Lennon's new domestic and artistic partner, Yoko Ono , who accompanied him to Abbey Road to work on " Revolution 1 "  and who was thereafter a more or less constant presence at Beatles recording sessions.
Peter Doggett writes that "the most essential line of communication" had been broken between Lennon and McCartney by Ono's presence on the first day of recording. The positive spirit of the session disappeared immediately, and engineer Ken Scott later claimed that "you could cut the atmosphere with a knife". For "Back in the U. He returned on 5 September to find his drum kit decorated with flowers,  a welcome-back gesture from Harrison. The Beatles was the last Beatles album to be mixed separately for stereo and mono.
Several songs have missing or different overdubs or effects which differ from the stereo mixes. McCartney wrote " Back in the U. The style is typical of the acoustic songs written in Rishikesh, using guitar arpeggios.
Lennon wrote the track about Mia Farrow 's sister Prudence Farrow , who rarely left her room during the stay in commitment to the meditation. The track took a surprising amount of time to complete, with McCartney demanding perfectionism that annoyed his colleagues. He demanded a cut of publishing when the song was released, but the song was credited to "Lennon—McCartney". Marmalade recorded a version that became a number one hit. It is typical of the brief snippets of songs he recorded between takes during the album sessions.
Ono sings one line and co-sings another, while Chris Thomas played the mellotron , including improvisations at the end of the track. Clapton was unsure about guesting on a Beatles record, but Harrison said the decision was "nothing to do with them.
It's my song. The final version consisted of the best halves of two takes edited together. McCartney got the title of " Martha My Dear " from his sheepdog, but the lyrics are otherwise unrelated.
Martin composed a brass band arrangement for the track. According to Lewisohn, the ticking in the background is a metronome ,  but Emerick recalls capturing the sound via a microphone placed beside McCartney's shoes.
Harrison wrote " Piggies " as an attack on greed and materialism in modern society. The song was taped in a single session, and was one of the tracks that Martin felt was " filler " and only put on because the album was a double. The basic track consisted of Starr drumming while McCartney played piano. The simple lyric was very much in Lennon's style, and Lennon was annoyed not to be asked to play on it.
McCartney suggested it was "tit for tat" as he had not contributed to "Revolution 9". According to McCartney, the authorship of " Birthday " was "50—50 John and me, made up on the spot and recorded all on the same evening". Lennon wrote " Yer Blues " in India. Despite meditating and the tranquil atmosphere, he still felt unhappy, as reflected in the lyrics.
Unusually for a Beatles recording, the four-track source tape was edited directly, resulting in an abrupt cut-off at 3'17" into the start of another take which ran into the fadeout.
McCartney wrote " Mother Nature's Son " in India, and worked on it in isolation from the other members of the band.
He performed the track solo alongside a Martin-scored brass arrangement. The final mix was sped up by mixing the tape running at 43 hertz instead of the usual The band performed the initial takes live and included long passages during which they jammed on their instruments. By all accounts, the session was chaotic, but nobody dared suggest to any of the Beatles that they were out of control. Harrison reportedly ran around the studio holding a flaming ashtray above his head, "doing an Arthur Brown ".
This was one of the tracks that led Manson to believe the album had coded messages referring to apocalyptic war, and led to his movement of the same name. McCartney played Hammond organ on the track, and an "eerie rattling" effect at the end was created by a note causing a wine bottle on top of the organ's Leslie speaker to resonate.
The group ended the chosen take with a six-minute improvisation that had further overdubs added, before being cut to the length heard on the album. The brass arrangement was added later. McCartney wrote " Honey Pie " as a pastiche of the s' flapper dance style. The opening section had the sound of an old 78 RPM record overdubbed  while Martin arranged a saxophone and clarinet part in the same style. Lennon played the guitar solo on the track, but later said he hated the song, calling it "beyond redemption".
The track featured a saxophone sextet arranged by Thomas, who also played keyboards. Lennon began writing " Cry Baby Cry " in late and the lyrics were partly derived from the tagline of an old television commercial. Martin played harmonium on the track. Lennon, Harrison and Ono added further tape collages and spoken word extracts, in the style of Karlheinz Stockhausen. The track opens with an extract of a piano theme from a Royal Schools of Music examination tape, and climaxes with Ono saying "you become naked".
He had led similar tape experiments such as " Carnival of Light " in January Lennon wrote " Good Night " as a lullaby for his son Julian , and wanted Starr to sing it. The early takes featured just Lennon on acoustic guitar and Starr singing. Lennon wanted the original version of "Revolution" to be released as a single, but the other three Beatles objected that it was too slow.
Instead, the single featured a new, faster version, with heavily distorted guitar and an electric piano solo by Nicky Hopkins. The convention in the British music industry at the time was that singles and albums were distinct entities and should not duplicate songs. The single was a commercial success in Australia where it spent five weeks at number one on the Go-Set chart ,  Japan,  Austria  and Switzerland.
Some songs the Beatles were working on individually during this period were revisited for inclusion on their subsequent albums, while others were released on the band members' solo albums. According to the bootlegged album of the demos made at Kinfauns , the latter of these two categories includes Lennon's " Look at Me "  and "Child of Nature" eventually reworked as " Jealous Guy " ;  McCartney's " Junk ";  and Harrison's "Not Guilty" and " Circles ". Mustard " and " Polythene Pam " were used in the medley on Abbey Road the next year.
This ten-minute take was later edited and overdubbed to create two separate tracks: "Revolution 1" and the avant-garde "Revolution 9". Pop artist Richard Hamilton designed the record sleeve  in collaboration with McCartney. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band , and consisted of a plain white sleeve. The band's name, in Helvetica ,  was crookedly blind embossed slightly below the middle of the album's right side. The sleeve included a poster comprising a montage of photographs, with the lyrics of the songs on the back, and a set of four photographic portraits taken by John Kelly  during the autumn of that have themselves become iconic.
During production, the album had the working title of A Doll's House. This was changed when the English progressive rock band Family released the similarly titled Music in a Doll's House earlier that year.
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