This is because the Native Americans encountered by the Europeans and European Americans were not thought to engage in metallurgy. Some artifacts that were found in relation to the mounds were inscribed with symbols. As the Europeans did not know of any Native American cultures that had a writing system, they assumed a different group had created them.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pre-Columbian cultures of North America that constructed various styles of earthen mounds. For other uses, see Mound builder disambiguation. Main article: Archaic period in the Americas. Main article: Woodland period. Main article: Coles Creek culture. Main article: Mississippian culture. Main article: Fort Ancient culture. Main article: Plaquemine culture. Hopewell traditions.
Adena culture. Coles Creek culture. Mississippian culture. Plaquemine culture. See also: Archaeology and the Book of Mormon. Preucel, Stephen A. Archaeo News. Stone Pages. Retrieved 5 September Rees, Ian W. Retrieved Barry Lewis; Charles Stout eds. Mississippian Towns and Sacred Spaces. University of Alabama Press. Louisiana prehistory. Archived from the original on New Georgia Encyclopedia. Peregrine Archaeology of the Mississippian culture: a research guide. Garland Publishing. Chapter 1, p.
Gibbon; Kenneth M. Ames Archaeology of prehistoric native America: an encyclopedia. D ". New York Times. December 20, April 5, September 25—30, ] ". In Basler, Roy P. Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Horace Thayer, New York. Eisenberg Indian Mounds of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin, pp. Retrieved May 19, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Whether one wishes to accept it as divinely inspired or the work of Joseph Smith, it fits exactly into the tradition.
Despite its pseudo-Biblical style and its general inchoateness, it is certainly the most imaginative and best sustained of the stories about the Mound-Builders" at p. Brown editor , pg. The Archaeology of New York State , pp. The people buried here left no written records, so it is impossible to know exactly who they were, but historians strongly suspect that Sutton Hoo was the cemetery for the royal dynasty of East Anglia, the Wuffingas, who claimed descent from the god Woden.
Most of the mounds were robbed, largely in the Tudor period, and much of what was there was lost, but two mounds escaped this fate - the Great Ship Burial or King's Mound One and the Horseman's Mound. The discovery revolutionised our understanding of the Anglo-Saxon period and provided a lens through which to examine this fascinating era of history. It was made of oak and after 1, years in the acidic soil, it rotted away leaving only its 'ghost' imprinted in the sand.
Although all physical trace has gone, perhaps the ship has sailed on into the next world, bearing its captain on new adventures. Please check with the British Museum to find out when they're open for a visit. While the term "mound" may be applied to historic constructions, most mounds in the United States are pre-Columbian earthworks, built by Native American peoples.
Some mounds took on unusual shapes, such as the outline of cosmologically significant animals. These are known as effigy mounds.
While these mounds are perhaps not as famous as burial mounds, like their European analogs, Native American mounds also have a variety of other uses. While some prehistoric cultures, like the Adena culture , used mounds preferentially for burial,  others used mounds for other ritual and sacred acts, as well as for secular functions.
The platform mounds of the Mississippian culture , for example, may have supported temples , the houses of chiefs , council houses , and may have also acted as a platform for public speaking. Other mounds would have been part of defensive walls to protect a certain area.
The Hopewell culture used mounds as markers of complex astronomical alignments related to ceremonies. Mounds and related earthworks are the only significant monumental construction in pre-Columbian Eastern and Central North America. Mounds are given different names depending on which culture they strive from. The seat of governance for Cahokia, Monks Mound is believed to have housed a building some feet long, nearly 50 feet 15 metres wide, and 50 feet tall.
Materials excavated at the site indicate that the city traded with peoples from as far away as the Gulf of Mexico , the Appalachians, the Great Lakes , and the Rocky Mountains. The city was favourably located on a major local tributary of the Mississippi River. Nearby were diverse habitats, including expanses of open water and marshes that provided fish, the most important protein source for the populace.
Most importantly, the largest zone of high-quality soils in the local region was located immediately to the east. There, on the floodplain and along its bordering alluvial fans, large corn outfields were situated. Within the city itself, multicrop infields and house gardens were situated on soils that had been enriched by prior human occupation. Although this mixed agricultural strategy was successful for dispersed populations in the region, it ultimately proved unsuitable for the much denser population at Cahokia.
The site and its hinterland declined and were eventually abandoned, probably because of environmental degradation , although it has been suggested that disease, climatic change , societal stress, and warfare may have been contributing factors. The economic and social consequences were disastrous, probably leading to starvation, loss of faith in leadership, increased competition for land, and regional warfare.
During that period, the inhabitants constructed a series of palisaded wooden fortifications through enormous effort—clear evidence of external threats that previously had not existed.
The city was slowly abandoned, and its occupants moved to the east, south, and west, where they were most likely assimilated by other Native American groups.
Archaeologists have studied Cahokia since the late 19th century, but only a tiny percentage of the site has been excavated.
[unknown signs title] - Michael Gregory Jackson - Kikanju Baku - Joseph Daley* - Endogeny & Exogamy, Sin Ti Es Morir De Amor - Paul Anka - Cantando En Español (Vinyl, LP, Album), Per Noi - Various - Sanremo 88 (I Big Di Sanremo) (Vinyl, LP), Береги Землю - ШлыкЪ - Воссоздание (CD, Album), Hold Me In Your Arms (Remix #1) - Imagination - Hold Me In Your Arms (Vinyl), いつまでもいつまでも - Various - Original Folk Hits Collection (Vinyl, LP), Petit Prélude à 3 - Charles-Valentin Alkan / Laurent Martin (2) - Esquisses, Op. 63 (File), Blue, Moonlight Blue - Hitomitoi - Ecstasy (CD, Album), Sons Of Ilsa - Pulsingers Nacht (CD), It Aint Over Yet - Various - Tune Up Rock #59 (CD), Tonic - Unit Moebius - Neuroshopper V1.0 (CDr), I. Allegro Maestoso. Mit Durchaus Ernstem Und Feierlichem Ausdruck - Mahler* - Sir Georg Solti*, Hea, Bonus Beats (Remix) Family Fodder - Schizophrenia Party (Directors Cut) (Vinyl, LP)